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Cautuba Aphrodisiac: How To Use, Benefits and Contraindications!

#Cautuba - Catuaba - Benefits and Risks for Health
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Cautuba Aphrodisiac: How To Use, Benefits and Contraindications!

All you need to know of Cautuba (catuaba)

The use of cautuba for herbal medicine has its origins in ancient cultures. It involves the medicinal use of cautuba to treat sexual diseases and improve health and general well-being.

Catuaba have potent (powerful) ingredients and should be taken with the same level of caution as pharmaceutical medications.

#phytotherapy - herbal medicine

#phytotherapy – herbal medicine

In fact, many pharmaceutical medications are based on man-made versions of naturally occurring compounds found in plants.

This post, we will discuss the different forms of Catuaba (true vs non-true catuabas), benefits, contraindications, products, scientific studies and recipes for you to make at home.

Catuaba: Ways of Use and 3 Easy Recipes!

 

What is Cautuba?

#cautuba - catuaba - Health

#cautuba – catuaba – Health

Catuaba is a medicinal plant found in Brazil in the Amazon region that contains an incredible abundance of plant life – more than half of the planet’s vegetation.

The most famous of all Brazilian aphrodisiac plants and is the result of the blend of four main medicinal herbs from the Brazilian Amazon:

  • Catuaba (Trichilla catigua) (28.23%)
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale) (3.26%)
  • Guarana (Paullinia cupana) (40.31%) and
  • Muirapuama (Ptychopetalum olacoides) (28.23%)

 

Tribal and Herbal Medicine Uses

#Tribal Medicine

#Tribal Medicine

The Tupi Indians in Brazil first discovered the aphrodisiac qualities of the Catuaba plant and over the last few centuries they have transmitting this knowledge to the white man.

Is pronounced as [ka.two.’aba], a Guarani word that means: “what gives strength to the Indian”.

In Brazilian herbal medicine today, Catuaba is considered a central nervous system stimulant with aphrodisiac properties.

A Catuaba bark decoction is commonly used for sexual impotency, agitation, nervousness, nerve pain and weakness, poor memory or forgetfulness, and sexual weakness.

 

Benefits of Cautuba for Health

#mens health

#mens health

 

The Catuaba Against Sexual Impotence

Sexual impotence, also known as erectile dysfunction, is the inability and difficulty in having or maintaining an erection of the penis that allows intimate contact.

Thus, man may have a problem when this difficulty occurs in at least 50% of attempts to have sexual contact, and what may happen is that the erection is not rigid enough for penetration.

Affects mostly men between  from the age of 50, and in addition to impairing the sexual and intimate health of the man, can also bring other psychological problems such as depression, thereby contributing to a decrease in quality of life.

Due to its ability to increase Nitric Oxide, catuaba has vasorelaxant effects and may rehabilitating Erectile function.

Is problem can be treated through the use of medicines like Viagra, Cialis or natural products of Catuaba.

Catuaba interferes biologically and mechanically in the health of the man, restoring in a short time its original sexual condition without great collateral effects.

 

Common Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Causes:

Use of drugs, alcoholism, obesity, excessive use of certain medications such as antihypertensives, antidepressants and antipsychotics for example.

Psychological problems:

Such as depression, trauma, fear, dissatisfaction or decreased libido, chronic diseases such as kidney failure or diabetes.

 

The Symptoms of Impotence

The main symptoms of sexual impotence include:

  • Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection
  • Less rigid and flaccid erection
  • Reduction of sexual organ size
  • More time to reach erection
  • Difficulty in maintaining intimate contact in some sexual positions
  • Greater effort and concentration to maintain erection
  • Decrease decrease in the number of spontaneous erections on awakening
  • Ejaculation faster than usual
  • Alterations or deformation in the genital organ
  • Peripheral vascular disease that hinders the passage of blood to the lower limbs of the body such as legs
  • Feet and organ sexual.

How Catuaba interferes in this process:

  • Containing 3 specific alkaloids believed to support libido, including “yohimbe” which seems to be the most active compound that produces a stimulatory effect on the libido of both men and women.
  • These alkaloids are thought to enhance sexual function by stimulating the nervous system.
  • Catuaba stimulates blood flow to the genitals, can strengthen and prolong an erection, enhances sexual excitement and is said to give more powerful orgasms.

Know all the benefits of Catuaba for health in the following pages.

 

Catuaba has Protects The Heart

#Protects The Heart

#Protects The Heart

The Catuaba may help with arrhythmias.

At the end of this post see article on scientific research on Catuaba to both revert and prevent ventricular fibrillation in the isolated rabbit heart.

 

The Catuaba Improve Stress and Fatigue

  • Catuaba can act as an adaptogen, thus improving stress and fatigue.
  • It can improve fatigue after exercise by increasing acetylcholine and by improving antioxidant levels.
  • For example, in mice Catuaba could improve fatigue after running on the treadmill and improve grip strength after exercise

 

The Catuaba has Antioxidant Properties and Anti Aging

Phytochemical compounds identified in the barks of catuaba are:

  • Flavan-3-ols (procyanidin B2, epicatechin, catechin)
  • Flavalignans (cinchonains Ia, Ib, IIa, IIb, catiguanins A and B, apocynin E)
  • Phenylpropanoid derivatives (chlorogenic acid)

These phytochemical compounds are associated with catuaba’s antioxidant activity (stronger than vitamin C and E) and have shown to help prevent cellular damage triggered by oxidative stress in acute and chronic neuropathological conditions.

Catuaba may have anti-aging effects on the skin:

For example, when Catuaba extract was prepared in canola oil, andiroba oil, or buriti oil and applied to the skin, it had improved the permeability of the skin.

Catuaba can also raise the Sun Protection Factor (SPF) in sunscreens and be a promising sunscreen alternative.

 

The Catuaba Has Antidepressant Effects

#Antidepressant Effects

#Antidepressant Effects

Catuaba is a powerful antidepressant

  • Two ways catuba fights depression is by increasing neurotransmitter levels in the brain (dopamine and serotonin) and by improving regeneration of hippocampal cells (more in section below).
  • For example, catuama was found to be effective in interfering with the synaptosomal uptake of serotonin and dopamine following long-term oral treatment of rats.
  • In rodents subjected to the Forced Swimming Test (FST), catuaba produced antidepressant-like effects and concentration-dependently inhibited the uptake and increased the release of serotonin, and especially of dopamine.
  • Catuaba also increases neurotransmitters is by its ability to (concentration-dependently) reduce the activity of Monoamine Oxidase A (MAO-A).
  • This reduction in MAO-A activity by catuaba has shown to be neuroprotective and neurotrophic (were displayed within the non-toxic range of concentrations).
  • Is Catuaba A Natural Alternative To NSI-189 (For Men Only).

Increases Dopamine

  • By blocking the reuptake of Dopamine, Catuaba can increase dopamine levels in the brain.
  • Although it increases dopamine, Catuaba is reported to not have an amphetamine-like effect (at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg).

Increases Serotonin

  • By blocking the reuptake of Serotonin (5HT), Catuaba can increase serotonin levels in the brain.

 

Cancer Treatment with Catuaba

#Cancer Treatment with Catuaba

#Cancer Treatment with Catuaba

Catuaba can fight some cancers:

  • Cervical
  • Prostate
  • Head and Neck
  • Liver
  • Oral
  • Ovarian

The Catuaba may also help with Multi-Drug Resistance in cancer.

Another benefit of Catuaba little known with regard to this plant is that it prevents and fights cancerous tumors.

This factor is also related to the large amounts of powerful antioxidants and other substances contained mainly in the bark of the plant.

Strengthens the Immune System

Another of the many Benefits of Catuaba is that it plays a key role in strengthening the immune system.

Inflammation Combat

Although this information is unknown to many people, the extract of this plant also presents as an important natural remedy during inflammatory processes, combating viruses and bacteria harmful to the human body.

Reference: sciencedirect.com

 

HIV Tratment with Catuaba

#infographic HIV Tratment

#infographic HIV Tratment

The Catuaba does not cure HIV but better the health of the infected patient, strengthening their immune system against other diseases, improving the your general well-being and prolonging their life time.

References:

onlinelibrary.wiley.com

researchgate.net

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

 

The Catuaba Improve Brain Function

This is perhaps one of the most well-known Benefits of Cautuba.

Because it balances and strengthens the activities of the nervous system, this plant stimulates memory and also increases focus and concentration.

Catuaba is neuroprotective and reduce brain damage.

For example, Catuaba can reduce oxidative stress (models with H2O2, SNP, and 3-NPA) in the hippocampus and prevent hippocampal cells from improperly dying.

By reducing oxidative stress, Catuaba has potential in several neurodegenerative disorders:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Huntington’s Disease
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Parkinson’s Disease

For example, in models of oxidative stress and neuroinflammation after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion, Cautuba can normalize levels of:

  • Glutathione
  • Oxidized Glutathione
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Protein Carbonyl Groups
  • While completely inhibiting microglial astrocyte activation
  • Cautuba can also increase neurogenesis of the hippocampus (described above for depression).

Cautuba has Nootropic Properties:

  • By acting on dopamine
  • Serotonin
  • Acetylcholine
  • Cautuba may have nootropic properties

In Brazilian folk medicine, cautuba is known for its neuroactive potential as memory stimulant.

The antioxidants in cautuba have also shown to improve cognition.

Increases Acetylcholine:

  • Cautuba can increase Acetylcholine levels in the brain and body by reducing Acetylcholinesterase activity.
  • Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that has been receiving a lot of attention in memory research.
  • ACh helps with many functions particularly in the areas of movement, learning & memory, and sleep quality.
  • It is paramount balance ACh properly, so you can perform at your maximum ability.
  • Cautuba improves attention, improves decision-making skills and is involved wit attentional proce. affects the hypothalamus, causing it to tell the pituitary glands to secrete prolactin and growth hormone.

 

The Cautuba Prevent Alzheimer / Parkinson’s Disease

#Infographic Alzheimer

#Infographic Alzheimer

Due to the action that the Benefits of Cautuba exerts in the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease.

Benefits of Cautuba plays a fundamental role in protecting the brain or even alleviating the effects of this disease:

  • Muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors play a role in encoding of new memories
  • Low ACh in the hippocampus has been associated with Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia
  • It’s estimated a 90% loss of ACh in Alzheimer’s patient’s brains
  • Cautuba helps encode new memories and increases the modification of synapses, thus helping enhance memory.

 

Has Antimicrobial Effects

Catuabines have antibacterial effects against:

  • Bacillus cereus
  • Bacillus subtilis
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Escherichia coli
  • Micrococcus luteus
  • Mycobacterium smegmatis
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Has antifungal effects against:

  • Candida albicans

Antiviral effects against:

  • Bovine Herpes Virus
  • Herpes Simplex Virus
  • HIV
  • Polio Virus

Antiparasitic effects against:

  • Trypomastigotes

 

The Cautuba Combats Pain And Inflammation

By activating dopaminergic and opioid pathways, cautuba can reduce the sensation of pain.

Cautuba can reduce:

  • Carrageenan-induced pain
  • Pain from Lipopolysaccharide – induced endotoxemia.
  • Inflammation by inhibiting Phospholipase A2 and thus blocking the COX and LOX pathways in the Arachidonic Acid cascade
  • Catuama can significantly alleviate the symptoms by patients with Burning Mouth Syndrome.

 

The Cautuba Improves Diabetes And the Metabolism

#infographic diabetes

#infographic diabetes

Cautuba may be beneficial for those with diabetes:

  • In rodent studies, Cautuba can reverse Streptozotocin – induced body mass loss and reduced food and water intake
  • It can also improve hyperglycemia and other metabolic biomarkers, such as Alkaline Phosphatase, Alanine Aminotransferase and Aspartate Aminotransferase
  • Cautuba has also shown to regenerate the pancreas by increasing the number of pancreatic β-cells and the size of β-cell islets.

 

The Cautuba Helps to Lose Weight

Lose weight with Cautuba:

  • It accelerate the metabolism, facilitating the loss of weight and improving the digestive functions. Excellent for patients with hypothyroidism and slow metabolism
  • Cholinergic mechanisms within the inflammatory reflex have been implicated in attenuating obesity-related inflammation and metabolic complication
  • Cautuba inhibits the release of TNF, IL-1β and IL-18.

 

Botanical Description of Cautuba

#Botanical Description

#Botanical Description

Erythroxylum vacciniifolium is the more common Cautuba tree. But other trees such as:

  • Trichilia Catigua
  • Erythroxylum Vacciniifolium
  • Juniperus Brasiliensis
  • Eriotherca Candolleana and
  • Anemopaegma Mirandum are also called Cautuba.

Most effective species:

  • Trichilia catigua
  • Erythroxylum Vacciniifolium

Less effective:

  • Juniperus brasiliensis
  • Eriotherca Candolleana
  • Anemopaegma Mirandum

Trichilia Catigua descrition:

  • Grows to over 8 meters tall is commonly called the big Cautuba tree.
  • Has dark green long leaves, green to red small round clustered fruits and cream-colored flowers.

Erythroxylum Vacciniifolium description:

  • The Erythroxylum vacciniifolium is commonly called the small Cautuba tree by Brazilian gatherers.
  • It can only grow to about 2 to 4 meters in height and has yellow orange flowers bearing dark yellow to orange berry-like inedible fruits.

 

How to Identify the True Cautuba

Do not get confused with other forms of Cautubas as they can have very different biological effects than Trichilia catigua (real Cautuba).

For example Catuabines A, B, C and D are tropane alkaloids extracted from Erythroxylum vaccinifolium/Cautuba and Erythroxylum coca (cocaine).

Erythroxylum is also native in Brazil, but not a “true” Cautuba, although it has been used in traditional medicine as an aphrodisiac and CNS stimulant.

Other “non-true” Cautubas include:

  • Anemopaegma arvense
  • Eriotheca candolleana
  • Micropholis
  • Phyllanthus nobilis
  • Secondatia floribunda
  • Temnadenia violacea
  • Tetragastris Cautuba

 

Which Cautuba Should You Be Using?

doubt

doubt

The Cautuba is beginning to become a popular herbal medicine for a wide range of conditions related to memory, ageing, and sexual health. 

But the problem is that there are over seven different, completely unrelated species of plants with the common name Cautuba.

What are the risks involved?

  • This is a huge problem when you consider the fact that the majority of people rely on the common names of plants when recommending, selling, or buying plants for medicinal purposes.
  • Choosing a Cautuba product that has been suggested for one condition, but them buying another species altogether under the same common name can bring a lot of trouble and ineffective products.
  • Not only discredits the place you bought the product, but also herbal medicine in general.
  • To make matters even worse, most of these Cautuba’s are even used in the same way traditionally and are considered to be interchangeable in the traditional Amazonian medical systems where they originate.
  • Is confusing and dangerous because these plants have absolutely no relation to each other, and each one has a totally different chemical makeup.
  • Some of the actions overlap, but many of them are actually completely different and are useful for different conditions altogether.

 

Cautuba in The Marketplace

Cautuba products purchased today are often simply labelled as “Cautuba” and have no indication of the actual species being used in the preparation.

  • Testing the chemical makeup of herbal products is not yet common in North America.
  • It is which makes it very easy for a company to buy generic “Cautuba” from South American suppliers, make it into a herbal extract, and label it as “Cautuba”, even though the actual species in the bottle might be completely different.
  • Looking at the results of an HPLC test and comparing it to the chemical makeup we knowspecies to have means we can identify when the wrong Cautuba species is being used.
  • Places like Australia are more reliable, because require regular testing of the chemicals within a herbal extract.

 

Why The Names With Cautuba Are So Confusing

When it comes to common names, there is often confusion because the name tends to be different by different groups of people.

One circle of people will refer to a plant as one thing, which has no relation to the name given to it by another group of people.

That’s why the scientists prefer using the botanical names of plants.

These names not only offer some indication as to what characteristics the plant has, but is also a universal system of naming.

Trichilia Catigua can only refer to one species of plant no matter where you are in the world.

 

The Common Names Can Also Vary

#Catuaba plant

#Catuaba plant

Summary of Cautuba

  • From: Brazil – Regions of the Amazon
  • Language: Tupi-Guarani caá = plant, leaf, bush + tuã = taludo + ibá = tree.
  • Family: Erythroxylaceae
  • Genre: Erythroxylum
  • Used parts of Cautuba: Bark, leaves and root
  • Scientific names: Trichilia catigua, Erythroxylum vacciniifolium, Juniperus brasiliensis, Eriotheca candolleana, Anemopaegma mirandum
  • Popular names: Cautuba, cautuba, cataguá, chuchuhuasha, tatuaba, paw of answer, caramuru, piratançara, angelim- rosa, catiguá, field rosemary, Cautuba-true, catuabeira, catuíba, Cautuba-pau, caramuru, tatuaba and cautuba.

 

Types of Cautuba

The main species of Cautuba are:

  1. Trichilia Catigua
  2. Erythroxylum Cautuba
  3. Juniperus Braziliensis
  4. Anemopaegma Mirandum And A. Arvense
  5. Eriotheca Candolleana
  6. Micropholis Spp.
  7. Phyllanthus Nobilis
  8. Tetragastris Cautuba

 

The True Cautuba

With all the various cautubas found in the wild, there are really only a small handful used commonly in medicinal preparations.

The preferred species overall is Trichilia catigua, which also appears to have the best activity on the dopaminergic system and therefore memory, and concentration.

Erythroxylum cautuba is a close second in popularity, and appears to be better as an antibacterial agent, though still provides some modest dopaminergic activity.

When shopping for cautuba, it’s recommended to use The Trichilia Catigua species, and to purchase only from reputable herb dealers to avoid using adulterated or poor quality cautuba.

 

Where To Get

#Products sold at Amazon

#Products sold at Amazon

Some Cautuba Products sold at Amazon:

As we pointed out at the beginning of this article – Cautuba have potent (powerful) ingredients and should be taken with the same level of caution as pharmaceutical medications and therefore must have medical accompaniment.

We list the main contraindications of Cautuba on the next page, be sure to read.

Comum form:

  • Trichilia Catigua Powder (4:1 Extract)

Other forms:

  • Catigua + E. Cautuba Powder (20:1 Extract) 
  • Erythroxylum Cautuba Capsules

Catuaba Goes Well With:

  • Ginger(Zingiber officinale)
  • Guarana(Paullinia cupana)
  • Mara Puama(Ptychopetalum olacoides)

 

ATTENTION!

This article is for informational purposes only and does not purport to indicate, suggest or attest any kind of natural remedy or not. Always ask doctor.

 

Contraindications – Risks for Health

#contraindications of Catuaba

#contraindications of Catuaba

Like all medicines, the cautuba it should be used in moderation, without excesses and with the assistance of a health professional.

Although this Cautuba plant offers several health benefits, it has some contraindications which are:

  • Cautuba it should not be consumed by children under 12 years of age;
  • It should not be ingested by pregnant women and / or infants;
  • Females should not take Cautuba as it may have anti-fertility effects (in rodent studies). This does not affect male fertility.
  • Should not be ingested by people suffering from hypertension or cardiac arrhythmias;
  • It is not indicated for patients suffering from glaucoma or any type of ventricular pre-excitation.
  • If taken during pregnancy, Cautuba may cause offspring to produce higher amounts of antibodies (IgG1 and IgG2a anti-IgY).
  • Doses of of 1000 mg/kg in mice (hydroalcoholic extract of T. catigua from the commercial preparation of Catuama) caused death within 4 h after administration.
  • Although, in humans, chronic administration of 25 ml of Catuama twice daily for 28 days caused no severe adverse reactions or hematologic and biochemical changes.
  • Mice treated with crude extract and ethyl-acetate fraction of T. catigua barks appeared normal and with no adverse effects at doses up to 5000 mg/kg and 3000 mg/kg, respectively.

 

Scientific Studies on the Aphrodisiac Effects of Cautuba

1. Research of the Institute of French Sexology

Many studies have been carried out around the world, one of them was done by the Institute of Sexology of Paris in the 1980s, where Cautuba it was consumed by the patients who underwent the study.

With constant consumption, over 10 days, the study observed an improvement in the sexual appetite of 65% of the patients involved.

The aphrodisiac effects, however, are not the only actions of Cautuba in our body.

In fact, pharmaceutical companies from the United States and Europe even classify Cautuba as a powerful antibacterial with powerful medicinal effects.

2. Study conducted by the University of São Paulo (USP / Brazil)

The doctor and researcher of the University of São Paulo (USP), João Calixto, who studies a herb variety from Amazon, explains that it has vasodilatory properties and this facilitates erection and reactivates sex hormones due to its antidepressant and analgesic properties .

With long-term effects, in addition to increasing libido, the plant stimulates the central nervous system, is used against insomnia, nervousness and improves memory.

The doctor Calixto coordinates tests to manufacture remedies against depression from the vegetable.

See: Plants used for aphrodisiacs purposes in central South America: southwestern Mato Grosso state, Brazil

 

Natural Defibrillator Created From Cautuba

Phytotherapeutic Catuaba origin of Brazilian flora has been used for two decades as an energy source and is capable of reversing cardiac arrhythmia in infarcted patients.

Experiments indicate results that of  in a decade or less will no longer be necessary the use of electric shock in patients victims of myocardial infarction or intoxication.

To combat ventricular fibrillation (can cause death), it will suffice apply of  Cautuba herbal intravenous drug whose effect is immediate.

Innovation will reduce costs for hospitals and make treatment affordable for more people in more places

  • This is great news not only for elderly hypertensive, but especially for young people, who are more likely to have this arrhythmia in cases of stroke.
  • The main advantages of the drug are practicality, since it can be used in any circumstance and place, including in rescue ambulances, and low cost.
  • And this is great because since not all the people prone to infarcts have the resources to acquire an implantable defibrillator (similar to a pacemaker ), and not all hospitals have the electroshock device.
  • It is also likely that such a drug, once used, will inhibit future fibrillation, but research is recent and such a hypothesis has yet to be confirmed.
  • The only certainty so far is that Catuama causes defibrillation.

Patented brand Catuama:

  • To ensure the rights to the effect of this new drug, researchers applied for the patent in Brazil, the United States, the European Union and Japan between June and August this year and are awaiting approval.
  • Discovery was by chance during an experiment conducted by Professor Irineu Tadeu Velasco, Department of Medical Clinic, Medical School of USP, and Vera Pontieri technique.
  • Pharmacologist João Batista Calixto and discovered, that it also had antidepressant effects, since it interfered with uptake and release of some of the neurotransmitters responsible for regulating human behavior.
  • Follow the complete article of this research in the link below.

See: The herbal drug Catuama reverts and prevents ventricular fibrillation in the isolated rabbit heart

 

References:

  • Barbosa, N. R., Fischmann, L., Talib, L. L., and Gattaz, W. F. Inhibition of platelet phospholipase A2 activity by Cautuba extract suggests antiinflammatory properties. Phytother.Res. 2004;18(11):942-944. View abstract.
  • Beltrame, F. L., Filho, E. R., Barros, F. A., Cortez, D. A., and Cass, Q. B. A validated higher-performance liquid chromatography method for quantification of cinchonain Ib in bark and phytopharmaceuticals of Trichilia catigua used as Cautuba. J Chromatogr.A 6-30-2006;1119(1-2):257-263. View abstract.
  • Brighente, I. M. C., Dias, M., Verdi, L. G., and Pizzolatti, M. G. Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of some Brazilian species. Pharm.Biol.(Netherlands) 2007;45(2):156-161.
  • Campos, M. M., Fernandes, E. S., Ferreira, J., Santos, A. R., and Calixto, J. B. Antidepressant-like effects of Trichilia catigua (Cautuba) extract: evidence for dopaminergic-mediated mechanisms. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2005;182(1):45-53. View abstract.
  • Daolio, C., Beltrame, F. L., Ferreira, A. G., Cass, Q. B., Cortez, D. A., and Ferreira, M. M. Classification of commercial Cautuba samples by NMR, HPLC and chemometrics. Phytochem.Anal. 2008;19(3):218-228. View abstract.
  • Glasl, S., Presser, A. M., Merner, I., Haslinger, E., and Jurenitsch, J. Tropane alkaloids from a Brazilian bark traded as “Cautuba”. Scientia Pharmaceutica 2003;71(2):113-119.
  • Kletter, C., Glasl, S., Presser, A., Werner, I., Reznicek, G., Narantuya, S., Cellek, S., Haslinger, E., and Jurenitsch, J. Morphological, chemical and functional analysis of Cautuba preparations. Planta Med. 2004;70(10):993-1000. View abstract.
  • Uchino, T., Kawahara, N., Sekita, S., Satake, M., Saito, Y., Tokunaga, H., and Ando, M. Potent protecting effects of Cautuba (Anemopaegma mirandum) extracts against hydroperoxide-induced cytotoxicity. Toxicol.In Vitro 2004;18(3):255-263. View abstract.
  • Valverde, G. De Andrade, Madureira de, Oliveria D., Barreto, G., Bertolino, L. A., Saraceno, E., Capani, F., and Giraldez, L. D. Effects of the extract of Anemopaegma mirandum (Cautuba) on Rotenone-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastomas SH-SY5Y cells. Brain Res. 3-10-2008;1198:188-196. View abstract.
  • Lagos JB, Miguel OG, Duarte MR. Anatomical characters of Cautuba (Trichilia catugua A. Juss, Meliaceae). Lat Am J Pharm 2007; 26:185-90.
  • Manabe H, et al. Effects of Cautuba extracts on microbial and HIV infection. In Vivo 1992;6:161-5. View abstract.

 

See Too: Catuaba: Ways of Use and 3 Easy Recipes!

Cautuba Aphrodisiac: How To Use, Benefits and Contraindications!
Cautuba Aphrodisiac: How To Use, Benefits and Contraindications! 1

All you need to know of Cautuba (catuaba) The use of cautuba for herbal medicine has its origins in ancient cultures. It involves the medicinal use of caut

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