To Brexit or Not to Brexit? That Is The Question
Brexit Guide – Understand the origin of the separation process between London and Brussels, know what has already been negotiated between the parties and know what are the next steps planned for the process
LONDON (Reuters) – British Prime Minister Theresa May announced her resignation on Friday after failing three times to approve Brexit’s agreement with the European Union. Now the Conservative Party will choose a new leader, who will be responsible for leading the way out of the EU, with a new deadline set for October.
See below for a quick guide to the main questions about Brexit:
What does Brexit mean?
Brexit is the junction of the English words “British exit”, a short and quick way people have adopted to refer to the process started by the UK to become a member of the EU.
What is the EU?
The European Union is a political and economic bloc created in 1957 – as the European Economic Community (EEC) – currently formed by 28 countries that have negotiated with each other and allow the free movement of their citizens for housing and work.
Of these 28 countries, 19 of them have adopted since 2001 the Euro as currency. The United Kingdom joined EEC in 1973.
Vote for Brexit
How was the territory after the vote on the exit of the United Kingdom of the EU
Why do the British leave the EU?
In a referendum held on June 23, 2016, 51.9% of Britons opted to leave the bloc by answering the single issue on the subject. The divorce process, Brexit, however, is not automatic and London and Brussels have negotiated a separation agreement for more than 17 months, scheduled for March 29, 2019.
What was negotiated In Brexit?
The withdrawal agreement covers the main points of the British exit (Brexit), which are:
- The fine for the UK to end the partnership, estimated at £ 39 billion ($ 50.2 billion)
- The future of British citizens living / working in the EU – as well as the
- How to avoid a physical border crossing between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which is a member of the EU
Also agreed was the so-called transitional period in which the UK and the European Union negotiated a trade agreement. The agreement is expected to last until December 31, 2020.
What are the next steps of Brexit?
After May’s resignation, which tried to approve the deal three times without success, the new prime minister will have to choose between negotiating support for the project, leaving the EU without an agreement, or calling for changes with Brussels.
Should Parliament approve the agreement of Brexit?
After May’s resignation, which displeased both the party itself and the opposition, the future of its Brexit agreement in Parliament is uncertain. The EU says it is non-negotiable, but both the bloc and part of Parliament fear a sudden break. Already a faction of the Conservative Party, sees the so-called “hard brexit” with good eyes.
In 2016, Brits approved the Brexit and now negotiate the terms of the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union
What will happen if Parliament rejects the Brexit agreement?
In a recent defeat for May in the British Parliament, deputies have reduced from 21 to 3 working days the deadline that the government would have to present this new proposal. So in case of defeat May would have until the 21st to bring about changes in the agreement that could persuade more lawmakers to vote on his plan.
Will the British leave the EU definitively in October?
This is what the third paragraph of Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon, which has been in force since December 2009 and governs the issue of the withdrawal of an EU Member State, but the deadline, which expires in March, has already been extended by two successive votes in Parliament.
In any case, London may give up on Brexit unilaterally, as the European Court of Justice recently ruled.
Brexit in numbers
United Kingdom is no longer part of the Eurozone nor part of the Schengen Free Trade Agreement
United Kingdom: 4
The European Union with the United Kingdom: 28
The European Union without the United Kingdom: 27
United Kingdom: 66.02 million (2017) equivalent to 12.8% of the block population
The European Union with the United Kingdom: 512.6 million (2018) third largest population after China and India
The European Union without the United Kingdom: 446.58 million would remain the third largest population in the world
United Kingdom: 82.8% (2016)
The European Union with the United Kingdom: 75% (2016)
The European Union without the United Kingdom:
ECONOMY / GDP
United Kingdom: $ 2,622 trillion (2017)
The European Union with the United Kingdom: US $ 18.76 trillion (2018)
The European Union without the United Kingdom: $ 16.13 trillion
United Kingdom: 73 seats
The European Union with the United Kingdom: 751 seats
The European Union without the United Kingdom: 678 it is not clear whether with the exit, the British seats will be lost or relocated
In 2016, the British voted for the departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU). This has resulted in policy, economics, security and diplomacy in the UK and other countries.
What are the consequences of leaving the EU without agreement?
In the absence of the withdrawal agreement, the transitional period is also suspended and European laws would lose value to the UK immediately.
London has already begun preparations in some areas, such as food, medicine and transportation, for this possible scenario. The government has also published a series of guides covering topics such as animal passports and even the impact on energy supply.
Brexit chronology of the 2016 referendum until May’s resignation
The decision to leave the European Union left the British with the task of conducting the process without making an abrupt break; after nearly three years leading these efforts, Theresa May has announced she will step down in June
LONDON – Since the approval of the UK’s exit plan from the UK, known as Brexit, the British face three years of indecision about the future of the country from 2019 when the divorce should be concluded.
Vote for Brexit
On June 23, 2016, in a referendum that ended with 52% of votes in favor and 48% against, the British decided to end 43 years of integration with the European Union (EU). This resulted in the resignation of then-Conservative PM David Cameron, who had convened the consultation and led the campaign to remain in the EU.
In her quest to replace him, Boris Johnson, in favor of Brexit, withdrew at the last moment, and Theresa May, Cameron’s Interior Minister for six years, was elected the prime minister on July 11.
• Output Brexit
With a letter to the President of the European Council, Donald Dusk, in which he formally announced his intention to leave the bloc on 29 March 2017, the British government put into operation Article 50 of the European Treaty of Lisbon governing the voluntary withdrawal mechanism of a member country. Thus began the two-year deadline that should lead to British departure on March 29, 2019.
• May loses most Brexit
Trying to take advantage of the apparent weakness of the opposition Labor Party and strengthen its position in the negotiations, May advanced the elections to June 8 and failed: he lost an absolute majority and had to negotiate the support of the 10 deputies of the North-Irish unionist party (DUP) ) to rule.
The EU and Dublin demand that the border between the British province of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland continue to be free transit, but that would make the North Irish treatment differently from the rest of the British.
• Agreement on key points Brexit
On 8 December 2017, after lengthy negotiations, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and May announced in Brussels that they had reached agreement on some key points of the separation.
Among the decisions is the bill that the UK will have to pay to the EU, respecting commitments previously made with the bloc: between 40 billion and 45 billion pounds.
• Two ministers resign Brexit
On July 6, 2018, May obtained the government’s agreement to negotiate the maintenance of trade relations with the EU after Brexit. Over the next three days, Brexit Minister David Davis was dismissed against the UK’s stay in the EU that said that May was “yielding too much and too quickly”, and Foreign Minister Boris Johnson, who became the principal detractor of May’s plans through his weekly column in the Daily Telegraph.
• Agreement with the 27 Brexit
On November 13, 2018, the British government announced that the UK and EU negotiators had reached a “Draft Withdrawal Agreement,” which the following day received the green light from the government.
Two days later, however, four members of May’s cabinet resigned claiming to disagree with the text, although May moved forward with the plan. After overcoming a threat of veto, made by Spain due to the relations of the countries with Gibraltar, the United Kingdom defined the exit.
• Deferred parliamentary vote Brexit
The House of Commons should ratify or reject the text in a voting history on December 11. However, after three days of debate with lawmakers in which it was clear that the deal would be overturned in Parliament, May announced on 10 that it would postpone the vote and return to talks with European leaders seeking “assurances” to reassure lawmakers.
• Vote of mistrust Brexit
On December 12, 50 rebel deputies – out of the 317 Conservative Party politicians – issued a motion of censure to get her out of power, but failed.
• First rejection of the agreement Brexit
The debate on the plan was resumed after the end of the year recess and on 15 January, without substantial changes, the agreement was largely rejected: 432 Members voted against and only 202 in favor.
Labor opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn filed a motion of censure against the government, but the initiative failed the next day by a narrow margin.
• Second rejection and first extension Brexit
May secured more EU assurances about the Irish safeguard, but the British Parliament again rejected this “improved version” of the agreement on March 12.
The European Council agreed to postpone the UK’s exit from the EU until 22 May if the United Kingdom were to approve the Withdrawal Agreement, but left open the possibility of a new proposal being submitted by 12 April.
• Third rejection and second extension Brexit
On 27 March, while Parliament was discussing possible alternatives to May’s agreement, the prime minister met with his deputies and promised to resign as long as the agreement with Brussels was approved. However, days later the text was rejected with 344 opposing votes and 286 favorable votes.
May decided to turn to the Labor opposition in search of a compromise to get out of the parliamentary blockade and on 11 April obtained a “flexible” EU postponement until 31 October but with the possibility of leaving before the bloc if London find a solution.
• Fourth canceled vote and resignation Brexit
On May 17, the Labor Party withdrew from negotiations with May, saying that May’s growing “fragility and instability” made it incapable of reaching an agreement.
On May 21, the Prime Minister announced that she would call for a new vote in early June, including some of the labor claims, but in the face of the signs that she would fail again, she gave up the idea two days later.
On May 24, her voice cracking and almost crying, May announced that she would leave the leadership of the Conservative Party and the post of prime minister on June 7, paving the way for her succession. / AFP
Brexit: Guide To Understand the Exit United Kingdom from EU
To Brexit or Not to Brexit? That Is The Question Brexit Guide - Understand the origin of the separation process between London and Brussels, know what has